This question turned into a big list of "In my field we do X, what is done in your field?"
The question I linked has become a Community Wiki. There are four such community wiki questions at Academia.SE now. For at least three of them, the answers for each instance in the big list are important to the individuals in that category, and having the list in one place seems to benefit the community. The question I linked shows up as the first Google hit for a related search "First authorship by discipline". In these community wikis, where there is no single correct answer, the big list in aggregate is the definitive answer.
The post linked in the question could become a similar community wiki. The addressing of individuals with doctoral degrees (especially research vs. professional) is confusing, especially in France. However, in researching this answer, I stumbled on a Wikipedia page which essentially answers the question in the original post, meaning that question may not be suitable.
I think criteria for keeping big list questions should be:
- Will the big list in aggregate form the definitive answer to the question?
- Is this a big list that does not exist elsewhere (or is not easy to find if it does exist)?
- Will a reasonable Google search for one part of the list find the question?