was (rightly) closed as shopping question (I'm a dumb newbie in Academics SE).
I'm not interested in reopening the question: I've accepted the (excellent) answer.
A (IMHO) reasonable suggestion: the check-questions-bot can warn "Your link [...] shopping question. See [...] Edit if required."
Editing out the linked website was surely a necessary action. But...
An (admittedly) twisted question: it was sufficient? Many similar/cloned web sites can be found googling some of the quoted phrases. Ditto for a Google Images search of the posted image.